Common Eye Conditions to be Aware of

eye conditionsThere are some very common eye conditions that many people suffer from and there are others that are less common, only striking on occasion. Two of the most common disorders related to the eyes are nearsightedness and farsightedness. Both are annoying and your eye doctor can prescribe glasses or contacts, or recommend Lasik surgery.

Nearsightedness, also called myopia, is a common condition. It is characterized by an inability to clearly see objects in the distance. Farsightedness, also called hyperopia, is the opposite. When you are farsighted, you can see things in the distance, but not close up. For both of these common conditions, your eye doctor will either prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses. Lasik surgery is also possible for permanent correction.

Even those with lifelong perfect vision often develop presbyopia when they pass the age of 40. This disorder causes the patient to focus on small objects much more slowly. It is something that affects everyone as they age and usually is remedied with reading glasses for up close viewing.

Astigmatism is a disorder that can cause fuzzy or blurry vision. A curve that should not be there develops on the lens (cornea) of the eye. Typically, the eye is shaped like a perfect sphere. When light enters the eye, it refracts evenly, bending to produce a clear view of the item. But some people have a more football-type shape to their eyeball, which causes blurry, fuzzy vision. An astigmatism is usually treated with glasses or contacts, if any treatment is needed. Sometimes, mild astigmatisms don’t need treatment.

Only a regular visit with your eye care specialist will properly diagnose your condition. Make it a point to see your eye doctor yearly, as you would you regular doctor.